Fear – the Israeli Perspective – the Separation Barrier

This reflection was written by Suella Henn

Israeli perspective on the Security Fence / Barrier Wall

It has been harder for me to credit the Israeli perspective both during and since our trip.  But I do take seriously the role that fear plays in understanding their motivation and actions.  Youval Ben Ami, our outstanding Israeli guide, emphasized this frequently.  Several times he brought friends along when we went to the West Bank, young people who had never dared to venture there.

Signs such as the following are posted at checkpoints into Area A, which is fully under Palestinian control and is forbidden to Israeli citizens.  As Youval so often said, it is difficult to begin to understand one another when normal contact between peoples is forbidden.

WestBankwarningsign

I have just finished reading Ari Shavit’s new book, “The Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel” which begins with the sentence: “For as long as I can remember, I remember fear.  Existential Fear.”  Born in 1957 he remembers how he has felt during the wars involving Israel since then.  The Jewish history of pogroms, oppression and the Holocaust coupled with an understandable longing for a place where they belong, can be self-determining and flourish is masterfully drawn in Shavit’s book, as are the tragedy of their blindness to the people who were already on the land and the moral evils of the occupation.

Our day devoted to the Israeli perspective began when we met with Col Dany Tirza, an engineer and the IDF’s chief architect for the Security Fence.  He emphasized: The fence is needed for Israeli security.

 He took us to a road on the outskirts of West Jerusalem overlooking a valley to the south.  Behind us were attractive, substantial 3-4 story apartments with barred and bulletproof windows.  In the valley immediately below were olive groves and on the distant hills a large populated area.  An empty road snaked along the valley between the olive trees and the town.  Looking more closely we could see that there were fences along both sides of it.  The fences are electrified, topped by barbed wire, with frequent sensors and surveillance cameras placed along them.  There are wide cleared areas on either side of the road and outside the fence.  The barrier averages 200 ft. in width.

SecurityfencenearJerusalem

Its construction began in 2002 following numerous suicide bombings and terrorist attacks and was designed to restrict access of terrorists and to control the entry of Palestinians into Israel.  Numbers tell the story.  In 2002, before construction started, 457 Israelis were killed; in 2009, 8 were killed.  So the fence seems to have been effective in deterring the attacks.  It has also prevented easy movement of Palestinians into Israel, those seeking work, education, and medical care.

The fence is built more or less along the Green Line, though its placement has been disputed, especially when it separates Arab villagers from their farmlands and olive groves or cuts off access to other parts of the West Bank. Col. Tirza emphasized that in designing the barrier he tried to be sensitive to Arab concerns, trying to exclude Arab villages from the area within the fence, and to provide access for farmers to their trees and farmland through crossing points.  I could not help wondering about the olive groves visible here on the left and the populated area on the right.  I could spot no obvious crossing point and was given no opportunity to ask.

Such fences comprise 90% of the barrier.  The rest is a 26 ft. high concrete wall, usually through or around more populated areas.  Here the goal has been to deter sniper fire on roads or nearby settlements.  The wall, the fence and their effects on the Palestinians were painfully obvious during much of the remainder of our trip.

Suella Henn

Dec. 2, 2013

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Canaan Farm Olive Oil for St. Mark’s Advent Sale by Kitty Donnelly

The olive oil and tapenade we sell during Advent each year are from the Canaan Farm Co-operative of Burqin village in the northern West Bank.  Just before the olive harvest began during early October, the St. Mark’s pilgrimage group visited this fascinating and efficient co-operative, near Jenin, Palestine. The co-op began in 2005 with 14 farmers, but now has 1700 farmers and contracts with other oil presses in the region so they can accommodate this vast increase in participation.  The rapid growth is because the co-op guarantees a minimum price for good quality olives even when the market price was significantly depressed during the recession.  The co-op price fluctuates with the market and is always at least a few shekels above market price.  The co-op members are assured of  a fair price for good olives.

The current 2013 holiday issue of Saveur magazine has an article that tells about this co-opand the wonderful products they now export to a number of countries. Further information about the founding of the co-op was in Bloomberg news at this link http://bloom.bg/hLrY8m

Canaan Showroom

An olive contains about 28% oil, 22% water, and 50% solids. After oil is extracted, the solid pellets which remain are used in the fields as fertilizer. The farmers practice age-old sustainable methods of terracing olive groves to capture rain water and prevent erosion and loss of top soil. Preserving rain water is important. Israeli authorities will not give Palestinian farmers permits to dig wells or to build reservoirs to hold rain water. Anything built without a permit can be shut down or destroyed by Israeli authorities.

Olive trees can live a thousand years and become stronger and more productive with good care, so that they are prized and passed down from one generation of a family to the next.

The olive trade represents 40% of all Palestinian agricultural trade. We were told that the West Bank has approximately 7.6 million olive trees, but 2.1 million of those trees are not accessible because of the Israeli construction of the Separation Wall, that is almost 28% of the olive trees in the West Bank.

Canaan cold pressing machine

We began in the press room where cold pressed olive oil is extracted by a high tech process that never exceeds 28 degree Celsius (82 degrees Fahrenheit). The room was immaculate.

The walls were covered with handsome patterned tiles surrounding Arabic sayings on tile   reminding workers to work safely and cleanly.

Words to encourage Cleanliness and Care

To ensure highest quality, farmers only bring very fresh picked, intact olives that have no cuts and have not been stepped on.  A single farm’s olives are fed into a large washing tank. After washing, the olives are directed into tanks to be cut and sliced in a nitrogen atmosphere that excludes oxygen which would lower quality.  Canaan large storage vats that hold the oil

Then the mass is pressed at a controlled temperature to extract cold pressed oil.  After this extraction process,  modern scientific lab tests the olive oil to verify low levels of acidity and oxygenation and good flavor to determine its grade. Extra virgin olive oil has acidity of less than 0.8 g per 100 g. Extra virgin oil is stored in large underground vats, again topped with nitrogen gas to protect it from oxygen.  Canaan draws and bottles extra virgin oil in response to orders, so the oil is always supplied as freshly bottled.  They also bottle olive oil infused with garlic, with pepper, with chili and with thyme.

The Canaan Co-op contributes to the farm community beyond paying a fair price for agricultural products.  Each year they distribute the “virgin premium” which is funding invested in the community. They support Trees for Life and over a period of 7 years have planted 80,000 olive trees.  Ten scholarships are provided to local universities for members of farmer families who lack education.  They have a micro-loan program for women. They also support a program to encourage the recycling used oil for fuel.   The co-op is organized as a Palestine Fair Trade group and all their products are certified Fair Trade.

Canaan

Most products are also organic.  A contract has been developed with Whole Foods grocery chain in the US to sell products including their tapenade.  The bulk of their production is sold in Europe and the US to individuals and groups eager for Fair Trade products and willing to pay the price differential to obtain them. They also supply lower grade virgin olive oil to the manufacturer of Dr. Bronner’s liquid soap.

The co-op also supports women’s co-ops which prepare olive oil soap, herbal mixtures such as za’atar, Palestinian couscous and spreads such as tapenade. The co-op has also begun marketing local almonds.  They deep freeze nuts and couscous to -27 degrees Centigrade, as a non-chemical organic means of fumigation. They now supply fair trade almonds to Ben and Jerry’s ice cream. Watch for almonds in Ben and Jerry’s ice cream when you next indulge and look for Canaan tapenade on the shelves of Whole Foods.

Canaan

As we begin the Advent sale at St. Mark’s Church, look carefully at the  true extra virgin olive oil from the Canaan Farm Co-operative.  The Pilgrimage group will remember the farm families who raised these olives and benefit in so many ways from the Co-op sales stays and the outward ripples of good deeds from this co-operative. Many of these farm families hosted members of our pilgrimage in their homes. So when you buy Co-op products as gifts for others or to enjoy yourself, your act will  strengthen the bonds of goodwill between St. Mark’s and these farm families.